Clinical Psychology is the application of science to understand human thought, emotion and behaviour. It uses researched tools and methods to reduce psychological distress and promote psychological well-being. Clinical Psychologists are also able to undertake psychometric assessments in a variety of areas (including cognitive functioning) and often conduct research to help advance scientific knowledge of mental health.
Who do clinical psychologists work with?
They work in a variety of settings from schools to outpatient clinics and inpatient hospitals. They tend to work with individuals with mental or physical health difficulties which might include anxiety, depression, serious and enduring mental health problems, asdjustment to physical illness, neurological disorders, addictive behaviour, childhood behavioural disorders, personal and family relationships and learning disability. They also work with people who simply wish to have a better undertsanding of their cognitive profile or pattern of interacting with others.
What are their qualifications?
Registered clinical psychologists will have a degree in psychology plus an additional three years of postgraduate experience and university training in applying the science of psychology to clinical problems. Most clinical psychologists are required to have significant relevant work experience before being accepted onto a doctoral training course, and thus it takes 6-9 years to achieve full doctoral qualification, but clinical psychologists may begin practising following the completion of a Master's level practising degree in some countries.
What is the difference between a clinical psychologist, a psychiatrist and a therapist?
A clinical psychologist and a psychiatrist often work in the same setting and both can give mental health dignosis. However, a clinical psychologist has been trained to help you think about whether a psychological therapy like cognitive behaviour therapy may help. Whereas a psychiatrist can help you think about whether a biological treatment such as an anti-depressant may help. Clinical psychologists often work alongside psychiatrists and may refer you to one if they feel it will be helpful; and psychiatrists may refer you to a clinical psychologist if they feel this will be helpful.
Therapists and counsellors usually specialise in providing one particular therapy. If you know what form of therapy would most likely help your problem, you might go directly to see a therapist or a counsellor.
How do I get to see a clinical psychologist?
You can refer yourself directly to see a clinical psychologist and referrals can also come from teachers, doctors or other educational or health care professionals. All referrals are treated in a non-judgmental manner and with the strictest confidence. When you meet with a clinical psychologist, the initial meeting will usually be for an assessment and then the clinician will discuss with the client teh treatment options.
We offer discrete, professional and confidential counselling services for your queries.
Our psychotherapy and counselling services provide a safe and neutral environment in which to explore any issues that may be prominent in your life. We work to ensure top ethical standards are in play with all of our counselling staff as well as a non-judgmental stance.
Counselling is a practce that is suitable for a range of enquires that are not clinically based and can include any of the following concerns:
Chronic Health Management
Social Skills Training
Call or write today in confidence to learn more about how our counsellors may be able to work with you.
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Our e-therapy support services ensure everyone can have the opportunity to seek support in a safe, confidential and private environment in an affordable and portable environment. Our team are always ready to be there for you in person or online, when you are ready, just call or write to arrange a time to meet. Our online therapy services also mean that you can maintain support strategies whilst traveling, when schedule upsets occur and even when social anxiety comes in to play.
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When this page is updated you will find information about our services that support developmental differences such as AD/HD, Dyslexia and similar from diagnosis to in-school support.
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When this page is updated you will find more information about the family and couples therapy servies we provide and learn about how you can be supported in stages of the family life-cycle.
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We offer caring, empathic, confidential and efficacy-based addictions counselling services for a range of presenting issues including drug, alcohol, cigarette/cigar, gambling, internet and process addictions.
Addiction is a complex disorder that requires treatment through multiple stages of care and rehabilitation. We utilise a general flow for addictions counselling that would usually follow these steps;
Addictions Counselling Process
Setting appropriate goals
Generating and deciding among alternatives
Preparing action plans
Implementing and evaluating plans
Counselling services can be carried out at ay point in the addictions recovery process starting with 1-1 counseling, group or family counselling or our counsellors can work alongside existing therapeutic programmes to offer after treatment care, continuing care and relapse preventions.
Individual addictions counselling drug use for example, centres on either total abstinence or the minimization of drug use and a focus on solutions to cease destructive behaviors and unhealthy relationships. A recovery program with an emphasis on short-term goals and strategies to change patterns of behavior is structured for the individuals needs. There are a number of approaches taken by addiction counselors in order to help an addicted person to achieve their goals, but common approaches include Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing (MI) and 12-step programme participation.
Group addictions counselling and therapy can also be a successful way to help promote a drug free lifestyle. Groups can be highly effective as there is often a unique energy, which promotes a beneficial support system for each other, and when integrated with other individualised forms of care can significantly increase the chances of long-term recovery.
We work wth a variety of modalities when supporting all counselling clients but specifically use the following in support of addictions counselling.
Addictions Counselling Therapies
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. CBT works under the assumption that your beliefs influence your emotions and your behavior and that by identifying and addressing problematic thoughts you can help change your behavior and experiences for the better. CBT attempts to help clients recognize, avoid and cope. That is, recognize the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs, avoid these situations, and cope more effectively with a range of problems and problematic behaviors associated with substance abuse.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
MI is a therapeutic style intended to help clinicians work with clients to address their ambivalence. While conducting a motivational interview, the clinician is directive yet client centered, with the goal of eliciting self-motivational statements and behavioral change from the client, and seeking to create client discrepancy to enhance motivation for positive change.
Client-centered therapy, also known as person-centered therapy, is a non-directive form of talk therapy. Clients often do look to their therapists for some type of guidance or direction. Self-direction plays a vital part of client-centered therapy and the therapeutic relationship could lead to insights and lasting changes in a client.
What are Addictions?
We all come into contact with addiction, whether it is personally, within the bounds of family and friends, or amongst our community. Addiction and the harm it causes can be devastating for those affected and the people surrounding them. Fundamentally, addiction is a condition distinguished by compulsive and uncontrollable engagement in rewarding stimuli despite harmful and negative consequences. When a person consumes a substance such as alcohol, nicotine and cocaine or participates in an activity such as gambling, sex or shopping it can be enjoyable and gratifying but when continued it may become compulsive and potentially interfere with normal life experiences. Most addictive behavior which is at the time both rewarding and reinforcing can sometimes lead to consequential problems at home, work, school, or socially and unfortunately human will power is totally overwhelmed by the addiction. Its cause is not a direct exploration for pleasure or questioning one’s morality of strength of character, as it is believed there are two causes for addiction.
Firstly, addiction is a chronic-progressive-primary disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations (American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2013). Genetic factors produce an imbalance in the reward circuitry, causing the addict to experience negative or diminished effect when pursuing pleasure and reward. Secondly, it can be a biological process, a habit that becomes an addiction. Prolonged substance abuse can cause changes in the brain, which result in developing an addiction.
While quantity and frequency of substance abuse are significant components, addiction is more precisely characterized by the lack of ability to consistently abstain from substances with a reduction in reduced behavior control. There are many other detrimental problems experienced such as cravings, health issues, diminished identification of critical complications with one’s conduct, inter personal relationships are impacted and emotional reaction to others can be diminished with a constant distraction of receiving the reward of substance use, despite its damaging consequences. Without treatment and commitment to recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can develop in disablement or premature death. Unfortunately addiction often entails cycles of relapse and remission, if not treated the chronic condition will linger and symptoms will return.
Addiction is a chronic disease causing long term impairment to the brain, causing changes in brain functioning and cognitive processes causing critical physical complications if treatment is not undergone. An addict will typically begin to use recreationally and experiment with sporadic use, but overtime will increase the usage and progressively develop a tolerance. Tolerance occurs when a physical-biological dependence which results from chronic use of a drug, the drug no longer has the same effect and negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction. Unfortunately for the user the euphoria and pleasure experienced in the onset will diminish over time and the addict will find himself or herself pursuing the high. The higher the dosage used, the duration of use and the age at when use began are predictive elements of physical dependence and thus creating severe and the intensity of the withdrawal, these acute withdrawal symptoms can last for days, weeks or even months.
Withdrawal is a psychological and physical condition caused by the abrupt cessation of the use of a drug in a habituated person.
The difference between physical addiction and psychological addiction:
If your body cells can’t operate without a drug you have become physically dependent on and when there is an onset of depletion of the substance from the body the person will experience painful withdrawal symptoms. This pain is experienced by those who try to stop using drugs by going “cold turkey” which is very difficult, due to the withdrawals side effects which can include tremors, chills, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and body aches. As a result the easiest way to deal with this unbearable condition is to take more drugs, which creates a vicious cycle.
A psychological addiction is defined as a impulse or perceived need to use. For example, someone addicted to marijuana may believe they need the drug so they are able to fall asleep immediately and to have a peaceful sleep. Although, it is possible for them to eventually fall asleep without the drug they will do so without the physical exposure to the physical effects of withdrawal.
Identifying signs of addiction is based on three categories, Behavioral, Psychological and Physical.
Physical Warning Signs
Blood Shot Eyes
Drastic changes in appetite- weight loss & weight gain
Deterioration in physical looks, hygiene and grooming
Shifts in sleep patterns
Pupils may become dilated
Tremors, slurred speech, impaired coordination
Unusual smells - breath, body or clothing
Behavioral Warning Signs
Changes friends and hobbies - loss of interest
Isolating oneself in order to hide drug or alcohol use
Drop in attendance work school- letting responsibility slide, missing appointments
Financial problems - stealing
Frequently getting into trouble fights, accidents, illegal activities
Repeated unexplained outings, often with a sense of urgency - change in daily routine
Secretive, lying about where you are, where you are going, where you have been
Disappear for long periods of time
Psychological Warning Signs
Appearing fearful, anxious, or paranoid without reason
Appearing lethargic or spaced out
Changes in energy suddenly and extremely tired or energetic
Lack of motivation
Sudden mood swings, angry outbursts which are uncharacteristic
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Careers Counselling and Coaching with Psynamo
We all can have some point in our life when we will consider what we would like to do as a career, what we are doing currently in our work, how we might like to change to another career or improve career prospects for advancement or even return to work after a hiatus, for whatever reason.
Regardless of your circumstances, the careers support services at Psynamo work to put you in charge of your future. Whether consulting for students or top level executives, we aim to provide a full-service option that will support you in discovering your best opportunities for further education or for a potential employer.
We offer a range of comprehensive packages that are designed to suit any query, and then some. If you do not see what you want here however, please just call or write and we are happy to provide a bespoke service to suit your needs.
Our basic services include individual or group careers assessment, advisement and consulting for students, adults or whole school and corporate needs, including presentations and in-house professional development for a variety of end-user results.
Our Careers Counseling, Coaching and Consulting services provide professional expert personal guidance to empower you to increase awareness and understanding of your own strengths, personal qualities and goals in connection with career options as well as to understand the influence of external factors on present and future opportunities.
You will become better equipped to analyse study and career options in order to become more committed to decisions about your own future. You will receive the encouragement needed to realise personal ambitions and will develop flexibility to respond to new opportunities as they present themselves.
When working with Careers Counsellors, Coaches and Consultants at Psynamo, you will be able to discover your values, interests and abilities and then work as a team to design your own personal development plan. We will work to support your development through specific objective guided discovery of your personal:
Occupational Expectations and Goals
Interests and Motivational Qualities
Strengths and Personal Qualities
Working and Learning Styles We begin with one-to-one consultation, assessment of personality, aptitude, interest and values, and culminate in advisement on educational and career possibilities.
You will be provided with a full written report detailing:
an objective picture of study and work-related strengths and weaknesses
options open to you on the best "fit" for your individual strengths and weaknesses, ambitions and personal circumstances
advice on how to seek roles in the identified career roles after any further steps towards education or personal development have been taken
Additional support for our Careers services can include:
learning how to construct and/or update and improve a resume
learning how to do or improve upon interviewing techniques
developing your own job-seeking skills and/or improve upon existing strategies
Individualised support for those with learning differences, return to work situations, career change and advancement opportunities as well as first adult work situations are also always supported with enthusiasm.
Student Educational Careers Interest Support
Students, Parents and Teachers are all working towards a positive future result by engaging in any course of study. While all educational systems set out to prepare their pupils for further education and supply them with the optimal teaching for future development, there is always room for support for educational and careers interest advisement.
We work to support students to self-select educational and career paths that are most likely to fulfill their ambitions and dreams while still aligning with their real desires and abilities.
Workshops for Students
In-house or in-school workshops for Careers development with Psynamo can support your students in developing self-awareness, self-confidence in abilities and a future focus on investment in one’s self.
We support all students in finding out what is going to work best for them, their experiences, their families and their ideas for their own future.
In addition to the above benefits provided with using our Careers services, students, families and educators can also receive professional expert support with:
application writing for university and work placement
university placement and work/study interviewing techniques
sourcing vacation work and intern and/or part-time work opportunities
advisement and support in applications for postgraduate study opportunities
Coaching Psychology uses the art and science of psychology in an everyday way to support clients in achieving their own sucess with normal and exceptional needs and desires whether at work, home, school or in life generally.
The tools and techniques applied by qualified practising coaching psychologists are often cognitive and behavioural, born from the clinical, counselling, organisational and occupational psychology disciplines.
A main goal of coaching psychologists is to support clients in setting client directed goals and the paths to achieve them, whether for personal or professional success.
Coaching psychologists support clients in realising, understanding and accepting the choices that have been mafe and those that can be made. This is achieved through empathic reflection and exploration of those choices made in order to more effectively assess possible future choices and options available right now. Effectively, they support client's future happiness, satisfaction and success. At appropriate times, coaching psychologists may also actively and/or constructively challenge beliefs and assumptions when they prevent clients from realising a fulfilling path for life or their real potential.
Techniques employed stem from the long and professional history of psychological practices and include psychometrics where appropriately supportive and informative. These are always explained and explored to find the correct blend appropriate for each client's unique presentation. Psychotherapeutic techniques may also be utilised in order to explore the more serious issues such as unresolved childhood issues, such as abuse, coping with psychiatric injury or disability where the issue can be dealt with in positive ways.
The use of traditional psychological approaches in coaching psychology relationships, that are not clinically or medically focussed, is an effective way to support those with mild to moderate mental health issues in the wider community. This does require however, that these complex boundaries are addressed within any coaching psychology relationship in advance and that explicit client permission is sought in all instances at the beginning of all such endeavours.
In all cases the best interests, needs and client wishes are always respected and lie at the core of all coaching psychology relationships.
The course of any coaching psychology programme will take the time it takes and is only considered fulfilled when the client feels that s/he is able to independently carry out the task of preparing their own pathways for self-achieving success without ongoing support.
Ultimately, coaching psychologists support the development of insight in their clients and the subsequent utilisation of client's own inner resources in achieving any current or future outcome desired or needed. This must be achieved by each client in their own uniquely personal way in order to have enough meaning to instill an internal motivation and locus of control. This allows for greater personal understanding and therefore facilitates the rapid and constructive adoption of any skills imparted on the part of the coaching psychologist and insights gained on the part of the client.
Coaching psychologists and the services they provide function largely to provide compassionate, supportive and traditionally psychologically structured services and are held to the same high levels of ethics and conduct.
Specialised training and development ensures that professional practices are delivered to an appropriate standard and the multidisciplinary nature of training and consultation ensures that services offered are integrative, all-encompassing and fulfilling for each and every unique individual relationship.
Coaching psychologists especially work to get every client to express who they are, in their own terms and no one else's, including any criteria placed upon them by external agencies, family, peers, colleagues or previous helping relationships.
Psynamo provides a selection of professional, evidence-based Coaching Psychology services to suit your needs. Our Coaching Psychology services are completely confidential and are tailor made to your goals. This means we will use the tools that best suit your requirements in working together to achieve the goals you set.
We are able to offer a range of packages to suit you whether you would like a single session or would prefer to enjoy the beneft of reduced fees for multiple session bookings in advance.
First sessions for packages will up to be 1 hour 50 minutes in duration (equivalent to two sessions). Standard (and single) sessions are 50 minutes in duration. Longer sessions can be arranged in advance if needed.
Certain student coaching psychology services incorporate and benefit from a range of standardised assessments to inform the course of sessions. We will advise you about any specific assessments at the time, including any additional costs that would fall due.
All sessions may be face-to-face and adult sessions may also be held via Skype and/or telephone.
* Student coachees age range 9 to 17. Please note students under the age of 16 must be escorted by an adult. ** All fees are quoted in Hong Kong dollars. The prevailing exchange rate at the time of session reservations will be confirmed and charged for clients based outside of Hong Kong. All prices are current at the time of updating, please confirm fees before commencing services.
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Cross-cultural Training and Coaching and You ...
What is Cross-Cultural training and coaching?
Cross-Cultural training and coaching is designed to support the cooperation between individuals in culturally diverse environments and is an applied science. It makes use of well researched tools about concepts of cultural standards and methods to create awareness and also support decisions to actively choose which well-established actions to carry on and which new ways to adapt. Our Cross-cultural trainers are able to help individuals and teams assess their cultural dimensions, create common default behavior and support them in creating new and common standards.
Why do Cross-Cultural training and coaching?
Cross-cultural training and coaching is designed to help you develop and exercise your ‘cultural muscles’. The Training will help you to develop;
Competence to overcome confusion in transition
Clarity about outer and inner change
Plausibility through interpreting the world from new perspectives, knowing about different cultural standards and rehearsing new ways to respond Insights about their inner source of energy
Vision, playfully expanding the possibilities for actions in their lives.
The Coaching helps to ensure that you can use it today and take the principles and apply them in the future as well.
How does Cross-Cultural training and coaching work?
Training and coaching services are carried out in our practice, at home or in your offices work through sequential stages of knowledge gathering and development. Training session can be one or two ours in length and are carried out for individuals, teams of all sizes and children from the age of nine. Training goals can be as broad as general cultural awareness or as narrowly focused as country specific training (ie Hong Kong, China and Europe).
The training is about sharing knowledge, creating awareness and giving opportunities to learn through activities. This training accompanies individuals and teams on their journey to a new place during the first months up to a year.
The coaching is about the application of this new knowledge and focuses on a forward-looking process aimed to create action towards change, often at the individual level. It works in small steps to accomplish robust, sustainable development.
Coaching is focused on an individual or a group’s development, usually in specific cultural situations with specific participants. The intent is to learn what grounds us, what connects us, what motivates us and what refreshes us on the way as well as to find out what is needed for a happy landing. The time and practice spent in cross-cultural training and coaching supports the developmental process involved in learning about the cultural standards or rules in a new place that eventually allows us to interpret the actions of real people in real situations in this way or, going even further, to applying them as our default daily behavior. This means that you and your team will be able to discover the consequences of a certain cultural standard, to evaluate it in a specific context and decide, whether to apply it by adjusting behaviour now or to go the more demanding route of asking others to adjust to a new way of behaving.
What do we offer?
We offer comprehensive training packages designed to suit your specific needs and situation whether relocating to Hong Kong, China or Japan or on to or back to European countries. We also offer bespoke training programmes for more unique situations as a part of the coaching the process, which is by nature a co-creative.
Individual and Family Services
We support individuals, couples and families with a range of options whether you are in working through acculturation in global transitioning, come from culturally diverse backgrounds, are a trailing spouse in need of a new outlook in your new home or simply establishing new networks or developing a new career path on the go.
We support corporate endeavours to encourage local yet diverse or completely new teams as well as brand new recruits to create new work cultures and to raise awareness of actual cultural differences versus seeming personality variances. Our training and coaching helps to set standards for acceptable behaviour on a team and to support the development of common language and understanding to improve the company’s results.
Cross-Cultural Training and Coaching with Psynamo
We offer discrete, professional, empathic and confidential cross-cultural training and coaching services across the lifespan. We work to ensure top ethical standards are in play with all of our team of coaches as well as a non-judgmental stance.
Call today if you would like to learn more or make an appointment just to speak with someone. Your enquiries will always be held in the strictest of confidence.
Homeopathy is a system of medicine that has been in practice for more than 200 years. It relates to the person as a whole, recognises a very close connection between the physical, emotional and mental aspects and the purpose is treating the person and not the temporary amelioration of one's symptoms.
Reiki is the universal life energy. It is hands-on healing in which the practitioner channels energy to where you need it most and it stimulates strinegr energy flow to help your body's natural healing ability.
Please call or write to find out more about how this supportive practice could be an opportunity for you to explore alternative means of support in our modern stress-ful-world.
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